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Revolutionary War

September 11..Day Of American Trial And Tribulation

September 1st, 2018 Posted by Brandywine, revolutionary war No Comment yet

September 11 is day of infamy. No American citizen could ever forget this day. In fact, most Americans could tell you exactly where they were. That is the impact of a national trauma and a day in which thousands of Americans would lose their lives when the Trade Towers and Pentagon were attacked.

On September 11, 2001 our enemies dealt us a shocking and painful blow. But two strategic things did not happen. They did not achieve all their goals, as Americans rose up to fight the flight destined for the White House or the Capital. The other was that in spite of a huge breech into the American mainland, the attack did not break our spirit or our resolve to fight this kind of tyranny, regardless of whatever form it takes.

Not The First American Attack On September 11

But this was not the first day where American was crushed on September 11. In fact, it is also the day of a rout of American Colonial forces by the British at the Battle of Brandywine. Many people do not realize what happened and what could have happened on this tenuous September day. To put it in perspective, I will set the stage.

american revolution

Brandywine Unfolds

In 1778 the British are driving toward Philadelphia to occupy the city. All that stands between them is a poorly equipped army of farmers, frontiersmen, and tradesmen led by an aggressive general named George Washington. They are all volunteers against a seasoned and well trained British force anchored by General Howe and General Cornwallis. Oh and they outnumber the Colonials 18,000 troops to 11,000.

Positioned against Chads Creek, General Washington plans to engage Howe head on at the creek. Little does he know that a trap is being set. One that will encircle his army, destroy it, and end the American Revolution, leaving the British as victors.

All through the morning General Cornwallis leads a detachment of soldiers around Washington’s right flank. To make matters worse part of Washington’s army begins to cross the creek, oblivious to the British slowly suffocating their movement.

Defeat But Not Destruction

But the Americans get wind of the flanking maneuver. They are forced to retreat. They give ground to the British and lose Philadelphia. It is an embarrassment as we almost lose an entire army. But it wasn’t.

American Resolve Did Not Waiver

In spite of the setback and the loss or capture of over thousand American soldiers, we are able to regroup. Our will to fight is not broken and we continue engaging the British for years to come. The sting of embarrassment does not diminish our spirits. In fact, if anything it strengthens our resolve

Back to the events of September 11, 2001

The times changed. The tactics changed. The amount of human loss was unimaginable. But our resolve to fight tyrants, in any form, has not changed. We came together to fight after the attack and have prevented a major attack on US soil ever since.

Our character at Brandywine was shaped by tragedy. But we begin to develop a determination that would be part of who we are as a nation until the present day. Regardless of what a day like September 11 has or could bring, we are a strong nation that will never stop fighting to stay free against those who want to conquer or destroy us.

victory at yorktown

Revolutionary War: Victory At Yorktown

August 2nd, 2017 Posted by revolutionary war, victory, yorktown No Comment yet

Past A Turning Point

For years General Washington had a strategy of survival. His mantra was that even if you couldn’t win against the British in open battle, he could choose not to lose. What I mean by this is as long as the British armies could not openly defeat and decimate the Colonial Army, they could continue to fight on and on in a war of attrition.  He knew the longer he could prolong the fighting, the greater the chance of victory as the British army would run low on energy, manpower, supplies and just a general will to win. In the end he was right. It did get to that point as he was able to recruit Allies to help the developing nation and overwhelm a weary British force. revolutionary war difficulty

September marks that turning point in the paths of the Colonial American colonies and the British Empire. And it was culminated with a brilliant strategic move by General Washington and General Rochambeau of France to trap the British at Yorktown. Wedging them between the Continental Army on the land and the French Armada by sea forced them to surrender as they became overwhelmed by artillery. The battle alone is a huge strategic victory over well trained, well disciplined forces that would govern a huge number of countries in the world all through the 19th century.

But it was something much bigger than that. We had delivered a titanic blow to the British Empire as they began their rise to Colonial Expansion worldwide.  They would come to dominate the 19th century, with interests in Africa Asia and even North America.

It would certainly be a blow that the British were not going to forget anytime soon. In fact another war would break out in 1812 as the British actually invaded young America. Naturally, we resisted and were victors in this conflict as well. Truly the saying that freedom isn’t free is accurate.

colony struggleYears of struggle

Victory at Yorktown was not an easy one. The area stands as a monument to the eventual triumph of the colonies. But the years leading up to this outcome were marked by struggle and doubt. There was no guarantee that it would be an overwhelming victory like in Yorktown.

In fact when you see Colonial Williamsburg you see a beautiful microcosm of a gorgeous Colonial day. You don’t see the day in and day out struggle that many of these colonists faced in wartime.

Our tours are designed to give you real history. History is not neat and orderly. It is a mark of struggle, sacrifice and is often brutal. Our tours give you the real dimensions of  history and history is not gentile. This is a contrast from “historical marketing” or the reshaping of history to fit what certain groups want which you may have experienced elsewhere.


REVOLUTIONARY WAR – SEPTEMBER 1781

Your Bibliography: Revolutionarywararchives.org. (2017). Revolutionary War – September 1781. [online] Available at: http://www.revolutionarywararchives.org/49september1781.html[Accessed 21 Jul. 2017].

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colonial williamsburg declaration of independence

The Declaration Of Independence

May 22nd, 2017 Posted by revolutionary war, williamsburg No Comment yet

It was a document that would change history. In an era of Monarchs and landed gentry the idea of freedom for all was probably like going to the moon. People do not surrender power easily and a troubled King 3000 miles away would no doubt view the document as rebellious and ridiculous. Without any thought to the possibility, King George, or any pontiff of the day, would quickly dismiss the Declaration as hogwash by a group slated to be crushed by an imperial army. So why do it?colonial williamsburg declaration of independence

Why The Declaration?

I have read the reason for writing it was as a response to the King’s decree that the founding fathers were traitors. Not that the document would change the mind of anyone, but it does at least serve as a voice from the founders as to why they were rebelling. This is logical since the King never gave a voice to the colonies. This bone of contention continues to be promulgated in this document. Now that all protocol was off the table, there was no reason to hold back on their feelings towards the King. The declaration was the closest thing the future leaders of our nation would have to confront the king with their complaints. It also reaffirms that they were justified in their actions.

The Writers

In June 1776 a five man team was assembled to draft what would be the Declaration of Independence. The beginning of a new type of thinking was starting. An idea of a nation not under Colonial rule,  and not under control of one man, was struggling to emerge. Led by Thomas Jefferson the writers of the Declaration of Independence, would help usher in a new era where common people would have a say in government, not just the elites.

Another oddity of the Declaration of the Independence that many may overlook, is that it was not sent at the beginning of the war. War had been going on in the colonies for a year at this point. War was on and the will of our future nation was pitted against the mightiest empire in the World.

Self Expression

It may seem silly but self expression was a big issue by the Founders with the King. Having no voice fuels a certain type of rage. This rage poured out in the form of armed rebellion. The Declaration serves as a written record of our justification, that they were right to leave English rule. It affirms that the cause was just. It creates a record of why it was done for future generations.

revolutionary war-declaration-of-independence-signatures

War, would of course determine if this new American idea would be allowed to flourish. Without victory, our American Revolution would be nothing more than a footnote in British history of a rebellious colony and their insurrection. But our Declaration was backed by victory. Our will was stronger than the British. Not just did we declare independence, but we had enough resolve to become a nation.

revolutionary war unrest

Our View To The Revolutionary War Through Colonial Williamsburg

March 27th, 2017 Posted by revolutionary war, start of No Comment yet

revolutionary warThe fear of losing your guns is not a new concept started in recent political battles of the 21st century. An entire world, an entire nation, was forged when in April 1775 the British went to seize a local militia arsenal. Without guns, the Patriots would have no future chance to ever challenge the crown. Violence ensued and the Revolutionary conflict began.

But The Revolution Did Not Mean Smooth Sailing For The Colonies

Some misnomers about the revolutionary war. This was not a United Nation. We wanted freedom but we only wanted it for certain groups which was a bizarre paradox. We also didn’t completely agree as a colony whether we should go to war. In fact almost a third of the population were Tories or people who still supported the crown. This left another third deciding to stay neutral due to the potential for retribution if the side they selected lost the war. But One third of the population in the colonies that was adamant that they would fight England for independence.

revolutionary war unrestWar Support Was Not Universal, In Fact It Was Not Even A Majority

It is a strange parallel to today. The idea that a minority faction of the United States population was so passionate that they would change the political climate for everyone is amazing. Even more amazing was the fact that they succeeded against a crown without a majority of colonial support. The military ramifications of war with England were seemingly heavily lopsided in favor of English victory.

The Sun Never Sets..

The English were emerging as the great empire to come in the 19th century. At the end of the 19th century the saying ‘the sun never sets on the British empire’ would be common dogma in other nations. This was an aggressive expansionist nation, very adept at settling new lands and keeping order in them. Insurrections were not new to them, and one of their new world colonies having an uprising would be something they could suffocate quickly and regain firm control of this land.

On top of that a commander who had not had a successful military career when in the employ of the British empire would be in charge. That man was George Washington and it is safe to say the British did not revere him as a great general.

Colonial Williamsburg is our link to the past

And the war would be felt everywhere, including Colonial Williamsburg in a seemingly peaceful settlement. This town gives us a chance to see a dimensional view of the world that would harbor this revolution and the people who would support it, oppose it, or stay neutral. It is a living recreated historical microcosm of the world of the colonies around the time of the American Revolution. Battles in the future would be fought here and this link to the past is a great way to get new insights to day to day life in this conflict.

Take The Williamsburg Tour

Come take a tour of Williamsburg, Virginia that is filled with solid truths that are not sugarcoated for children’s television specials and textbooks. Let Williamsburg Walking Tours show you Williamsburg as IT REALLY was, not how some want it to be remembered.